Denmark is a constitutional monarchy. The Kingdom consists of 5 regions and 2 self-governing territories: the Faroe Islands and Greenland. The current Constitution was adopted on June 5, 1953.
Queen Margrethe II who ascended the throne on January 14, 1972, is the Head of State. The Queen is formally vested with wide powers under the Constitution but her powers are limited by the parliament.
Parliament. The legislative power is exercised by the Queen and the Folketing. The Folketing consists of 179 deputies including two members from the Faroe Islands and two members from Greenland. Elections to the parliament take place every 4 years by a general, direct and proportional vote. The election date is set by the Prime Minister. The latest parliamentary elections were held in June 2015.
Government. The executive power is de jure exercised by the Queen and de facto – by the Cabinet of Ministers. At the moment there are 17 ministries, although this number is subject to change. As a rule, the ministers are members of the Folketing.
Lars Løkke Rasmussen, the chairman of the liberal party "Venstre", is the Prime Minister of Denmark.
The Liberal Party of Denmark ("Venstre") was founded in 1870 and is the oldest and the largest party of Denmark. It consists of more than 44 thousand members and reflects interests of the business circles and middle class. The Chairman is Lars Løkke Rasmussen.
The Social Democratic Party of Denmark (SDPD) was founded in 1871 and is the second largest party of Denmark. It consists of 40 thousand members. The party mainly unites representatives of the state sector and a number of small proprietors and intellectuals. Mette Frederiksen is the Chairwoman of the SPDP.
The Danish People's Party (DPP) was formed in 1995. It adheres to right-wing policy. The party consists of approx. 15 thousand members. The Chairman is Kristian Thulesen Dahl.
The Socialist People's Party (SPP) was founded in 1959. It follows the traditional left-wing policy. The party consists of approx. 9,2 thousand members. The Chairman of the SPP is Pia Olsen Dyhr.
The Conservative People's Party (CPP) was founded in 1916 and is ideologically close to the Danish Social Liberal Party. The party consists of 12 thousand members. The Chairman is Søren Pape Poulsen.
The Danish Social Liberal Party ("Radikale Venstre") was founded in 1905 as a result of a split in the Liberal Party of Denmark. The party adheres to social liberal policy. It consists of 7,1 thousand members. The Chairman is Morten Østergaard.
The Red-Green Alliance is a left-wing socialist party founded in 1989 as a result of the merger of the Left Socialists, the Communist Party of Denmark and the Socialist Workers' Party. It consists of more than 9 thousand members. The party has collective leadership.
The Liberal Alliance was formed in May 2007 by former members of centre-right parties. The party consists of approx. 5 thousand members. The chairman is Anders Samuelsen.
The Alternative is a green political party. The party was publicly launched on 27 November 2013 by Uffe Elbæk (chairman). The party consists of approx. 5 thousand members.
The allocation of seats in the Folketing after the elections
of June 18, 2015
There are nine parties represented in the Folketing to date:
- the Liberal Party of Denmark ("Venstre") – 34 seats,
- the Socialist Democratic Party – 47 seats,
- the Danish People's Party – 37 seats,
- the Socialist People's Party – 7 seats,
- the Danish Social Liberal Party ("Radikale Venstre") – 8 seats,
- the Red-Green Alliance – 14 seats,
- the Liberal Alliance – 13 seats,
- the Conservative People's Party – 6 seats,
- the Alternative – 9 seats.